Medicines & Supplements A to Z > Oxycodone
Last updated on 02/07/2021.
GENERIC NAME: Oxycodone
CHINESE NAME: 羥考酮
BRAND NAME(S) IN HONG KONG: Oxycontin 奧施康定
DRUG CLASS: Analgesics
SUB CLASS: Opioid Analgesics
USED FOR: Moderate to severe pain
AVAILABLE DOSAGE FORMS:
– 5 mg, 10 mg, 20 mg (capsules)
– 5 mg, 10 mg, 20 mg (tablets)
– 10 mg, 15 mg, 20 mg, 30 mg, 40 mg, 60 mg, 80 mg (extended/prolonged-release tablets)
– 5 mg/5ml (oral solution)
– 10 mg/ml (concentrated oral solution)
– 10 mg/ml (injections)
What is Oxycodone for?
Oxycodone belongs to a class of medications called opioid analgesics. It works by inhibiting nerve signal transmission of pain in the brain and nervous system. Oxycodone is taken for at least one week and is for long term pain relief, for example in chronic pain management for cancer patients.
How to use it?
Oxycodone is available as an oral solution, a concentrated oral solution, a capsule, a tablet, a prolonged-release tablet and an extended release tablet to be taken with or without food.
For moderate to severe pain
Immediate-release tablet, capsule, solution and concentrated solution: Initially 5 mg every 4-6 hours. Dose may be increased if necessary according to severity of pain. The maximum dose is 400 mg per day, however some patients may require higher doses than the maximum daily dose.
Prolonged-release and extended release tablet: Initially 10 mg every 12 hours. Dose may be increased if necessary according to severity of pain. The maximum dose is 200 mg every 12 hours, however some patients may require higher doses than the maximum daily dose.
Child 12-17 years
Immediate-release tablet, capsule, solution and concentrated solution: Initially 5 mg every 4-6 hours. Dose may be increased if necessary according to severity of pain.
Prolonged-release and extended release tablet: Initially 10 mg every 12 hours. Dose may be increased if necessary according to severity of pain.
Child 8-11 years
Prolonged-release and extended release tablet: Initially 5 mg every 12 hours. Dose may be increased if necessary according to severity of pain.
Child 1 month – 11 years
Immediate-release tablet, capsule, solution and concentrated solution: Initially 200 mcg every 4-6 hours. Dose may be increased if necessary according to severity of pain.
What are the side effects of Oxycodone?
Common side effects of Oxycodone include constipation, dizziness and drowsiness, dry mouth, euphoric mood, flushing, hallucinations, nausea and vomiting (more common on initiation), respiration depression (with high dose). Like all opioid medications, people can become tolerant or addicted to Oxycodone, which can result in withdrawal symptoms when you try to stop the medicine.
Who should not take Oxycodone?
– People allergic to Oxycodone or any component of the formulation.
– Patients with respiratory depression, serious bronchial asthma or gastrointestinal obstruction.
– Note that opioids have the potential to be addictive and you can become tolerant over time.
– Tell your doctor if you experience severe side effects, such as difficulty breathing.
– Do not stop the medication abruptly if you have used Oxycodone over long periods of time.
– Eat more high-fibre foods, drink more water and do more exercise to reduce the side effects of constipation.
– It is best to avoid alcohol while taking Oxycodone.
Common dosing schedule:
Immediate release formulations are taken every 4-6 hours, while modified release formulations are taken every 12 hours. Oral Oxycodone can be taken with or after a meal to minimize gastrointestinal discomfort.
This schedule is for reference only, adjustments may be made according to individual needs.
Some common medications Oxycodone may interact with:
– Antidepressants, e.g. Amitriptyline, Doxepin
– Benzodiazepines, e.g. Lorazepam, Midazolam
– Medicines for lowering blood pressure, e.g. Atenolol, Verapamil
Please notify your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking the above medication, dosage adjustments might be needed.
Where to buy Oxycodone in Hong Kong?
In Hong Kong, Oxycodone is a prescription only medicine, and requires a prescription from a doctor to be purchased in a pharmacy. It can also be obtained from doctors. To find a pharmacy near you, refer to the list of pharmacies (“Authorized Sellers of Poisons”) from the Hong Kong Department of Health.
For more information about drug names and ingredients, you can visit Hong Kong’s Drug Office at https://www.drugoffice.gov.hk
Need more information?
For detailed information about the use of Oxycodone in children, pregnancy and breastfeeding, and for questions about drug interactions, please check with your pharmacist or doctor.
Disclaimer: our goal is to provide you with the most relevant drug information and common dosage for Hong Kong. This information does not constitute medical advice. For specific treatment recommendations and advice, always discuss with your doctor or pharmacist, and follow the instructions included with your specific medicine.