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Creatine (Supplement)

Last updated on 19/03/2021.

Overview   |   Dosage   |    Side Effects   |   Precautions  |   Tips  |   Where To Buy  

GENERIC NAME: Creatine 

CHINESE NAME: 肌酸

BRAND NAME(S) IN HONG KONG: Attack, Optimum, MuscleTech, Six Star

DRUG CLASS: Amino acid derivative 

USED FOR: Exercise performance enhancement

OTHER DRUGS IN THE SAME CLASS: N/A

What is Creatine for?

Creatine is a substance derived from amino acids including glycine, arginine and methionine. When taken as a supplement, it can generate extra energy to muscles in the short-term. Creatine supplement has been proven to improve performance in high-intensity exercise such as resistance exercise. It can also improve recovery after doing high-intensity exercise.

How to use it?

Creatine is usually available as a powder. You can add it into drinks or foods to make it more palatable. The typical dosage starts with 20 g of Creatine divided in four doses for the first 7 days. Then, you can take a single dose of 3-5 g daily for up to 12 weeks. 

What are the side effects of Creatine?

The side effect of taking Creatine supplements include nausea and vomiting, water retention and weight gain.

Who should not take Creatine?

Patients with bipolar disorder, kidney diseases, or diabetes mellitus.

Pharmacist Tips:

– Creatine causes body water to move into muscles. It is important to drink more water to prevent dehydration.
– Do not exercise in hot weather after taking Creatine. 

Common dosing schedule:
Take Creatine as per product instructions. 

This schedule is for reference only, adjustments may be made according to individual needs.

Some common medications Creatine may interact with:
– Caffeine
Cyclosporine
– Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, e.g. Ibuprofen, Diclofenac

Please notify your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking the above medication, dosage adjustments might be needed.

Where to buy Creatine in Hong Kong?

In Hong Kong, Creatine supplements can be purchased without a prescription from any retail outlet. This includes grocery stores, convenience stores, medicine shops, and pharmacies. It can also be obtained from doctors. To find a pharmacy near you, refer to the list of pharmacies (“Authorized Sellers of Poisons”) from the Hong Kong Department of Health.

For more information about drug names and ingredients, you can visit Hong Kong’s Drug Office at https://www.drugoffice.gov.hk/

Need more information?

For detailed information about the use of Creatine in children, pregnancy and breastfeeding, and for questions about drug interactions, please check with your pharmacist or doctor.

Disclaimer: our goal is to provide you with the most relevant drug information and common dosage for Hong Kong. This information does not constitute medical advice. For specific treatment recommendations and advice, always discuss with your doctor or pharmacist, and follow the instructions included with your specific medicine.