Medicines & Supplements A to Z > Bleomycin

Bleomycin

Last updated on 06/07/2021.

Overview   |   Dosage   |    Side Effects   |   Precautions  |   Tips  |   Where To Buy  

GENERIC NAME: Bleomycin

CHINESE NAME: 博来霉素

BRAND NAME(S) IN HONG KONG: Belocin 撲類惡

DRUG CLASS: Antibiotics, Antineoplastics

SUB CLASS: Glycopeptide

USED FOR: Treatment of head and neck cancer, treatment of Hodgkin lymphoma, treatment of testicular cancer, malignant pleural effusion

AVAILABLE DOSAGE FORMS:
– 15 mg (injections)

What is Bleomycin for?

Bleomycin belongs to a class of medications called glycopeptide antibiotics. It is only used in cancer chemotherapy as it slows and stops the growth of cancer cells. It is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat head and neck cancer, and cancer in the genital area. Bleomycin is also used to treat Hodgkin’s lymphoma and pleural effusion (a condition of fluid accumulating in the lungs) that are caused by cancerous tumours.

How to use it?

Bleomycin is injected through a needle into a vein, a muscle or subcutaneously as directed by your doctor. Your doctor will advise you on the dosage and frequency depending on your condition.

What are the side effects of Bleomycin?

Common side effects of Bleomycin include interstitial pneumonitis, pulmonary fibrosis, difficulty breathing, alopecia, decreased appetite, chills, fever, headache, nausea and vomiting, pain, confusion, and allergic skin reactions.

Who should not take Bleomycin?

– People allergic to Bleomycin or any component of the formulation.
– Patients with acute pulmonary infection or greatly reduced lung function.
– Patients who are currently taking Brentuximab or Cisplatin.

Pharmacist Tips:

– You should avoid alcohol and smoking while taking this medication.
– You may be required to conduct a chest X-ray (radiograph) every 1-2 weeks during therapy, as Bleomycin may cause damage to your lungs.

Common dosing schedule:
Your doctor will advise you on the dosage and frequency depending on your condition.

Some common medications Bleomycin may interact with:
Phenytoin
Cisplatin
Methotrexate
Cyclophosphamide

Please notify your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking the above medication, dosage adjustments might be needed.

Where to buy Bleomycin in Hong Kong?

In Hong Kong, Bleomycin is a prescription only medicine, and requires a prescription from a doctor to be purchased in a pharmacy. It can also be obtained from doctors. To find a pharmacy near you, refer to the list of pharmacies (“Authorized Sellers of Poisons”) from the Hong Kong Department of Health.

For more information about drug names and ingredients, you can visit Hong Kong’s Drug Office at https://www.drugoffice.gov.hk

Need more information?

For detailed information about the use of Bleomycin in children, pregnancy and breastfeeding, and for questions about drug interactions, please check with your pharmacist or doctor.

Disclaimer: our goal is to provide you with the most relevant drug information and common dosage for Hong Kong. This information does not constitute medical advice. For specific treatment recommendations and advice, always discuss with your doctor or pharmacist, and follow the instructions included with your specific medicine.