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Streptomycin

Last updated on 15/07/2021.

Overview   |   Dosage   |    Side Effects   |   Precautions  |   Tips  |   Where To Buy  

GENERIC NAME: Streptomycin

CHINESE NAME: 鏈霉素

BRAND NAME(S) IN HONG KONG: /

DRUG CLASS: Antitubercular Agents

SUB CLASS: Aminoglycosides

USED FOR: Tuberculosis, other bacterial infections

AVAILABLE DOSAGE FORMS: 1g (injection)

What is Streptomycin for?

Streptomycin is an antibiotic which can kill multiple types of bacteria. Tuberculosis (TB) is an airborne infectious disease that involves mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria. It can be either asymptomatic or symptomatic. Lung is the most common site for tuberculosis, but it can also affect other body parts. TB can be latent or active, and about one-tenth of latent tuberculosis patients may become active and infectious. In Hong Kong, although newborn infants would get the Bacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG) vaccine for free, there might still be a chance to get infected.

How to use it?

Streptomycin is available in injection form which can be administered intramuscularly. Renal impared patients may a lower dose.

Tuberculosis
15 mg/kg once daily (max: 1g) OR 25 mg/kg three times weekly (max: 1.5g). 

Other infections:
Usual dose range is 1-2 g daily.

What are the side effects of Streptomycin?

Common side effects of Streptomycin include skin reaction, fever, facial paresthesia, nausea and vomiting.

Who should not take Streptomycin?

Patients who are allergic to streptomycin, other aminoglycosides, or any component in the formulation

Pharmacist Tips:

– Tuberculosis patients have to be treated for at least 9 months to eradicate all pathogens in the body, even if they are asymptomatic.
– Although more and more people are vaccinated against tuberculosis, personal hygienic measures are important since vaccination does not provide full protection.

Common dosing schedule:
N/A.

This schedule is for reference only, adjustments may be made according to individual needs.

Some common medications Streptomycin may interact with:
Mannitol
– Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID), e.g. Aspirin, Ibuprofen
– Loop diuretics, e.g. Frusemide
– Bisphosphonates, e.g. Alendronate, Risedronate

Please notify your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking the above medication, dosage adjustments might be needed.

Where to buy Streptomycin in Hong Kong?

In Hong Kong, Streptomycin is a prescription only medicine, and requires a prescription from a doctor to be purchased in a pharmacy. It can also be obtained from doctors. To find a pharmacy near you, refer to the list of pharmacies (“Authorized Sellers of Poisons”) from the Hong Kong Department of Health.

For more information about drug names and ingredients, you can visit Hong Kong’s Drug Office at https://www.drugoffice.gov.hk

Need more information?

For detailed information about the use of Streptomycin in children, pregnancy and breastfeeding, and for questions about drug interactions, please check with your pharmacist or doctor.

Disclaimer: our goal is to provide you with the most relevant drug information and common dosage for Hong Kong. This information does not constitute medical advice. For specific treatment recommendations and advice, always discuss with your doctor or pharmacist, and follow the instructions included with your specific medicine.