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Moxifloxacin

Last updated on 06/07/2021.

Overview   |   Dosage   |    Side Effects   |   Precautions   |   Tips   |   Where To Buy  

GENERIC NAME: Moxifloxacin

CHINESE NAME: 莫西沙星

BRAND NAME(S) IN HONG KONG: Avelox 拜復樂, Vigamox 威爾眸

DRUG CLASS: Antibiotics

SUB CLASS: Fluoroquinolone

USED FOR: Bacterial conjunctivitis, plague, acute bacterial sinusitis, community-acquired pneumonia, exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, intra-abdominal infections, complicated skin and skin structure infections (cSSSI), bacterial skin infections

AVAILABLE DOSAGE FORMS:
– 400 mg (tablets)
– 0.5% (eye drops)
– 400 mg/250ml (injections)

What is Moxifloxacin for?

Moxifloxacin belongs to a class of medications called fluoroquinolone antibiotics. It kills bacteria by inhibiting DNA replications. Oral Moxifloxacin is used to treat bacterial infections including pneumonia, and infections of the respiratory tract, skin, and abdomen. Moxifloxacin can also treat eye infections. Moxifloxacin does not work for virus or fungus infections.

How to use it?

Moxifloxacin is available as tablets and capsules, which are taken by mouth. Oral Moxifloxacin can be taken with or without food. It is also available as eye drops which are applied topically to the affected area. Wash your hands before and after applying eye drops.

Plague
Adult
Infusion: 400 mg once daily for 10-14 days.

Eye infections
Eye drops: Apply 3 times a day. Continue treatment for 2-3 days after infection improves.

Acute bacterial exacerbation of chronic bronchitis
Adult
Oral: 400 mg once daily for 5-10 days.

Sinusitis
Adult
Oral: 400 mg once daily for 7 days.

Skin and skin structure infections
Adult
Infusion: 400 mg once daily for 7-21 days.

Community acquired pneumonia
Adult
400 mg once daily for 7-14 days.

What are the side effects of Moxifloxacin?

Common side effects of Moxifloxacin include diarrhoea, eye discomfort, fungal infection, dizziness, headache, nausea and vomiting, visual and taste alterations, and allergic skin reactions.

Who should not take Moxifloxacin?

– People allergic to Moxifloxacin or any component of the formulation.
– Anyone who is allergic to quinolone antibiotics.
– Patients with a history of tendon disorders.
– Patients who have heart disease and patients who are currently taking heart medications.

Pharmacist Tips:

– You must complete the entire course of this antibiotic, or else, the infection will not be properly controlled.
– Take Moxifloxacin 4 hours before or 8 hours after taking minerals, such as Aluminium, Calcium, Iron, Magnesium and Zinc, and products containing these minerals, since these may bind with Quinolones in the gastrointestinal tract.
– This medication can make you dizzy. Avoid driving or operating machinery until you know how you respond to Rifaximin.
– Avoid excessive exposure to sunlight or artificial UV lights and use protective measures, such as sunscreen and wearing loose-fitting clothes.

Common dosing schedule:
Moxifloxacin can be taken with or without food.

This schedule is for reference only, adjustments may be made according to individual needs.

Some common medications Moxifloxacin may interact with:
– Antiarrhythmics
– Diuretics
– Minerals including Magnesium, Calcium, Aluminum, Zinc and Iron
– Warfarin

Please notify your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking the above medication, dosage adjustments might be needed.

Where to buy Moxifloxacin in Hong Kong?

In Hong Kong, Moxifloxacin is a prescription only medicine, and requires a prescription from a doctor to be purchased in a pharmacy. It can also be obtained from doctors. To find a pharmacy near you, refer to the list of pharmacies (“Authorized Sellers of Poisons”) from the Hong Kong Department of Health. 

For more information about drug names and ingredients, you can visit Hong Kong’s Drug Office at https://www.drugoffice.gov.hk

Need more information?

For detailed information about the use of Moxifloxacin in children, pregnancy and breastfeeding, and for questions about drug interactions, please check with your pharmacist or doctor.

Disclaimer: our goal is to provide you with the most relevant drug information and common dosage for Hong Kong. This information does not constitute medical advice. For specific treatment recommendations and advice, always discuss with your doctor or pharmacist, and follow the instructions included with your specific medicine.