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Ipratropium

Last updated on July 26, 2019.

Overview   |   Dosage   |   Side Effects   |   Where To Buy  

GENERIC NAME: Ipratropium

CHINESE NAME: 異丙托溴銨

COMMON BRANDS IN HONG KONG: Atrovent, Combivent 定氣快 (Contains Ipratropium and Salbutamol), Otrivin Duo 安鼻靈雙效配方 (Contains Ipratropium and Xylometazoline), Ipratran

What is Ipratropium for?

Ipratropium belongs to a class of medications called anticholinergics. It can widen the airway by relaxing the airway muscles. It also inhibits nasal secretions when used nasally. It is commonly used for asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), runny nose, post-nasal drip, and rhinitis.

How to use it?

Ipratropium is available in the form of an inhaler or a nasal spray. The inhaler form of Ipratropium is usually used for asthma relief, while a nasal spray is used for the relief of rhinitis and runny nose. A nebulised solution will be used for people who cannot use the ordinary inhaler.

The doses used in different routes of administration and uses are listed below:

For asthma/ COPD

Adult 

Inhalation of aerosol: 20-40 mcg 3-4 times a day

Inhalation of nebulised solution: 250-500 mcg 3-4 times a day

Child 12-17 years

Inhalation of aerosol: 20-40 mcg 3-4 times a day

Child 6-11 years

Inhalation of aerosol: 20-40 mcg 3 times a day

Child 1 month – 5 years

Inhalation of aerosol: 20 mcg 3 times a day

For relief of severe/ life threatening acute asthma

Adult

Nebulised solution: 500 mcg every 4-6 hours as needed

Child 12-17 years

Nebulised solution: 500 mcg every 4-6 hours as needed

Child 1 month – 11 years

Nebulised solution: 250 mcg every 20 to 30 minutes for the first two hours, then 250 mcg every 4-6 hours as needed

For rhinitis and runny nose

Adult/ Child 12-17 years

Intranasal (Otrivin Duo): 1 sprays for 1-3 times per day, with each dose to be sprayed into each nostril. Do not use for longer than seven days as Ipratropium is combined with a nasal decongestant.

What are the side effects of Ipratropium?

Common side effects of using Ipratropium inhaler are dry mouth, headache, nausea, and cough. Sometimes, there may also be dry eyes, blurred vision and constipation.

If you are using Ipratropium nasal spray, the common side effects are headache and nasal dryness.

Where to buy Ipratropium in Hong Kong?

In Hong Kong, most Ipratropium inhaler and nasal spray are over-the-counter medicines and can be purchased without a prescription from any pharmacy in Hong Kong by speaking with a pharmacist. One exception is Combivent which requires a prescription from your doctor. Ipratropium can also be obtained from doctors.

To find a pharmacy near you, refer to the list of pharmacies (“Authorized Sellers of Poisons”) from the Hong Kong Department of Health.

For more information about drug names and ingredients, you can visit Hong Kong’s Drug Office at http://www.drugoffice.gov.hk

For detailed information about the use of Ipratropium in children, pregnancy and breastfeeding, and for questions about drug interactions, please check with your pharmacist or doctor.

Disclaimer: our goal is to provide you with the most relevant drug information and common dosage for Hong Kong. This information does not constitute medical advice. For specific treatment recommendations and advice, always discuss with your doctor or pharmacist, and follow the instructions included with your specific medicine.

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