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Baclofen

Last updated on 19/03/2021.

Overview   |   Dosage   |    Side Effects   |   Precautions  |   Tips  |   Where To Buy  

GENERIC NAME: Baclofen

CHINESE NAME: 貝可芬

BRAND NAME(S) IN HONG KONG: Lioresal, Stelax

DRUG CLASS: Muscle relaxant

USED FOR: Treatment of muscle spasms, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), intractable hiccups, trigeminal neuralgia

OTHER DRUGS IN THE SAME CLASS: Cyclobenzaprine, Metaxalone, Methocarbamol, Orphenadrine, Tizanidine, Tolperisone

AVAILABLE DOSAGE FORMS:
– 5mg, 10mg, 25mg (tablets)
– 10mg/5ml, 40mg/20ml (solution for infusion)
– 0.05mg/1ml, 10mg/5ml (solution for injections)

What is Baclofen for?

Baclofen is a muscle relaxant that works by suppressing the transmission of certain messages between nerve cells. It can therefore be used for relieving pain of muscle spasms including chronic severe spasticity. Baclofen may also be used for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux (GERD), intractable hiccups, and trigeminal neuralgia

How to use it?

Baclofen can be taken by mouth as tablets or by intrathecal injection. 

If you are taking it for relieving the pain of muscle spasms, you should take 5-10 mg 3 times daily. 

If you are taking it for treating chronic severe spasticity, you should start with 5 mg 3 times daily and gradually increase up to a maintenance dose of 60 mg daily in divided doses. Your doctor will review the treatment if no benefit is observed in 6 weeks on the maximum dose, which is 100 mg daily. 

If you are taking it for relieving hiccups due to gastric distension, you should take 5 mg twice daily. 

For the doses administered by intrathecal injection, your doctor will adjust them according to your condition and response.

What are the side effects of Baclofen?  

Common side effects of Baclofen include confusion, dizziness, drowsiness, and dry mouth, hallucination. Baclofen should not be stopped abruptly since this may cause seizures and hallucinations.

 Who should not take Baclofen?

 Anyone who has an allergy to Baclofen.

Pharmacist Tips:

– Sudden discontinuation of Baclofen may cause severe withdrawal symptoms. Discuss with your doctor for a proper withdrawal plan if you plan to stop Baclofen.
– Avoid alcohol and other drugs that may cause drowsiness/sedation such as Codeine while taking Baclofen.

Common dosing schedule:
N/A

This schedule is for reference only, adjustments may be made according to individual needs.

Some common medications Baclofen may interact with:
– Central nervous system depressants, e.g. Morphine, Tramadol, Codeine

Please notify your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking the above medication, dosage adjustments might be needed.

Where to buy Baclofen in Hong Kong?

 In Hong Kong, Baclofen is a prescription-only medicine and requires a prescription from a doctor to be purchased in a pharmacy. It can also be obtained from doctors. To find a pharmacy near you, refer to the list of pharmacies (“Authorized Sellers of Poisons”) from the Hong Kong Department of Health.

For more information about drug names and ingredients, you can visit Hong Kong’s Drug Office at https://www.drugoffice.gov.hk/

Need more information?

For detailed information about the use of Baclofen in children, pregnancy and breastfeeding, and for questions about drug interactions, please check with your pharmacist or doctor.

Disclaimer: our goal is to provide you with the most relevant drug information and common dosage for Hong Kong. This information does not constitute medical advice. For specific treatment recommendations and advice, always discuss with your doctor or pharmacist, and follow the instructions included with your specific medicine.